In order to keep your jewelry in their original form for long years, you need to apply the necessary care and maintenance. Still, sometimes jewels may need repair. In such a case, you need to know about how to repair specific jewelry, since repair methods vary between the different jewelry types. Let’s dive into some details together.
How to Repair Silver Jewelry
Take two double flat pliers. You can buy them relatively cheap in your local hardware store. You can also purchase a jewelry repair kit from a hobby shop that comes with special pliers and tools for repair. Just be sure to get a flat nose plier that is small enough to handle small pieces of jewelry. If you buy the equipment on their own instead of being part of a kit, you need two pairs to hold both ends of a broken accessory.
Buy a new clasp and extra guard rings. You must buy a new clip to put it in the jewel. Purchase a silver-plated clasp and several guard rings or connector rings to fasten the reinforcement clasp. You can buy these materials online. You can buy clips and guard rings made from any material. They will probably be silver-plated instead of silver.
Open the guard rings and remove the old clasp. Using the flat nose wires, hold the ring that links the clasp and connect the string. There must be a slot not fully connected to the ring, keep on both sides of this slit. Pull one hand towards you and push one hand apart to separate the two sides. Slide the old clasp. Be sure not to pull the guard ring out. It just bends the ring and makes it harder to get it back to its normal shape.
Add new guard rings. Remove and replace any guard rings that may be damaged or broken. Then, fasten the new clasp on the last guard ring before closing the ring. Make sure the guard rings are closed and secure.
Consider buying hands-free magnifiers if you’re having trouble seeing the clasp and the guard rings. This will help you understand what you are doing while your hands are free.
Use hard silver solder. Soft solder does not work with silver jewelry and can cause further damage. You can purchase hard silver solder from a local hardware store or online.
The soft solder can be soldered with air solder, which is electrified. The hard one must be soldered with a gas-powered torch. A butane torch is useful for standard repair stuff such as fixing guard rings and reinserting small chains.
Always handle soldering machines with care. Use protective gloves and make sure you are in a room with good ventilation to avoid inhaling fumes. Use flux when soldering. Flux cleans the metal so that it is properly bonded and melted before soldering. Before starting, use liquid flux to coat the soldered surface. You can buy flux sprays specially produced for hard soldering and working with silver.
Hard soldering requires cleaning after soldering. You can purchase a separate pickling fluid or even use a dusty stream. Brush flux onto the joint or surface you plan to solder before applying the solder. Use a torch to solder silver pieces. For example, if you are soldering two pieces, place the solder wire where you need to solder. Set the torch to the highest temperature setting and heat until the wire is melted. Once it melts, it will merge with the silver you are repairing. After the soldering, you will want to rinse the newly repaired or assembled part with water.
Silver jewelry sizing is much more difficult and time-consuming than changing the size of the gold. Silver is highly contaminated by oxidation when it melts for resizing.
Keep in mind that if there are silver rings with gemstones in it, some jewelers can tell you that they cannot be resized without separating the whole ring. Silver conducts heat through the entire ring and makes it difficult to resize when there is a gemstone on it.
Silver jewelry remodeling is longer and more expensive than gold remodeling. Although silver is less valuable per ounce compared to gold, its repair takes time. A jeweler can price the work at a high price since it will take a long time to repair.
Look for a jeweler with a laser welding machine. The laser source is the safest way to resize and work silver, as it will not harm the metal’s traditional torch welding process. The laser source allows the jeweler to resize a silver ring with a stone, for example, which cannot be done with a conventional torch source.
Use a special silver polishing cloth. These cloths are specially designed for silver cleaning and polishing. They do not require a liquid cleaner or polishing agent. Use only the cloth to wash your jewels to their natural shine.
Avoid using polishing agents. Liquid polishing agents are harsh chemicals that can damage the coated silver. They should also be used in very well ventilated areas as the odor may be dangerous for your health. You may need to get rid off these chemicals carefully as they are considered dangerous. These heavy-duty cleaners can cause your jewelry to stain more quickly as they can peel off the protective surface.
Use a homemade silver cleaner. You can try your kitchen materials to clean up your silver jewelry. For example, phosphate-free dishwashing detergent soap and warm water can be helpful. Or, try a paste made of baking soda and water.
Always rinse your jewelry after using any kind of homemade solution or any varnish. Rinse off briefly, then dry with a clean cloth. You don’t want any stain to get stuck in any place.
Be careful when cleaning silver jewelry with precious stones. Some precious stones require special attention during cleaning. If your silver jewelry contains fragile parts such as pearls, you should make sure that you only use cleaning or polishing agents for these parts of the jewelry.
Repair the shallow scratches by gently polishing with toothpaste. After wetting the silver jewelry piece, rub the toothpaste gently with circular movements. Rinse the jewel again. If the dirt remains, repeat the process. If after several attempts the scratches do not fix, it may need to be taken to a jeweler for repair. Toothpaste should not involve a bleaching agent or tartar control. These substances are very corrosive and can actually damage the silver.
How to Repair a Necklace
Necklaces usually come among the most preferred jewelry. However, they can break very quickly. So, how you going to fix a broken necklace fastener? Or how to fix a broken necklace? Your necklace may be gold, silver or fake, it does not matter. In case of breakage, you can repair it with a few materials in your home. With the information below, you can learn how to fix and apply it.
Repairing a Broken Fastener
First of all, you should check how the clasp is attached. In most cases, you can remove the fastener from the ring. But if the fastener is tied more complicated, you have to cut it. Usually, a wire cutter is used to cut soft materials similar to those used in jewelry. You can use it if it is available in your home.
Then get a new fastener. You can buy the fastener from the shops that sell jewelry or from a haberdasher. Before buying a new fastener, take the old one with you so that you can find the same one. If you buy a fastener with a different color or shape, it does not provide a pleasant appearance. If you have to cut the clasp or fastener snap ring, you may need to buy a new snap ring to attach the clasp.
Fasten the new fastener from the snap ring or slide it over the loop to the top of the necklace. Then close the snap ring or loop. This way you will repair the broken fastener of your necklace.
Repairing a Broken Chain
If the ring is damaged or missing, turn the broken necklace ring with the help of pliers and open it. If the broken part is very damaged, you must remove it from its chain.
Bond the chain with the ring on the side of the opening. Then fasten the ring in the opposite direction and reinforce the chain again. Be sure to tighten the ring and the place where it is attached. You can stabilize the other rings before they are dispensed. With this process, you can repair the broken chain of your necklace.
Repairing a Rubber Band
Some necklaces may not have a chain but a rubber band. If the rubber breaks, remove the beads from your necklace one by one and index them according to the order in your necklace. Then take the same rubber material and cut to about 10 cm. It would be better to use the rubber containing the material covered with woven fabric. It is generally similar to shoelaces rather than flat tires. Tighten the rubber material firmly. If the semi-sharp surface is pulled to the opposite side, the rubber breaks, but the cord surrounding the rubber does not break, it is only over-tensioned.
Connect the ends of the rubber so that it cannot be seen. However, do not stretch too hard during the process. Knot the connected ends several times. Cut the excess rubber and continue to use your necklace.
How to Polish Blackened Jewelry
Polishing Silver Jewelry
Polishing process in silver can be done in more than one method. Many of the methods we have mentioned are tried at home by using natural products and have been successful.
The first of these methods is toothpaste;
While cleaning the jewelry with toothpaste seems a little unreasonable in the first place, it will surprise you when you reach the solution.
First of all, apply the toothpaste through a brush or napkin over the silver you want to color. Put your silver paste in a bowl full of water and leave for half an hour. After the time has elapsed, rinse the top of the container thoroughly under water and dry it. In the end, you will see that your silver jewelry has gained its first-day glow.
The second method is a mixture of vinegar and water;
Vinegar, which is often preferred as a result of the acid content in households, is considered to be a good method for polishing silver.
Add two tablespoons of vinegar into a bowl. Then add some water and two tablespoons of baking powder and leave your silver jewelry in the mixture. After half an hour, remove and rinse your jewelry. If your jewelry is too big to fit inside a bowl, you can soak the cloth into vinegar and wipe the jewelry.
The third method is a mixture of salt and lemon;
Lemon, another product with acidic effect, is one of the methods tried to shine silver.
Add 2 tablespoons of lemon juice and a tablespoon of salt and add a little water and mix well. Leave your silver jewelry inside this mixture. After waiting for half an hour, rinse the jewelry under the water thoroughly. If the silver size is large, you can do this in a large bucket.
Polishing Gold Jewelry
Even if not as much as silver, signs of deformation can be seen in gold as well. So, is it possible to return your gold to its first-day appearance? Of course. Here are a variety of gold repairing methods I have compiled for you.
The first method is boiled water with detergent;
Put water in a bowl and boil. When the water begins to boil, pour the dishwashing liquid and start mixing. After mixing for a few minutes, leave your gold jewelry in the water to be boiled. When the temperature of the water starts to cool down, remove your jewelry and start cleaning with a toothbrush. In this way, unwanted impurities will start to be purified. Then don’t forget to rinse your jewelry.
The second method is white soap and ammonia;
Add one cup of grated white soap and a cup of ammonia into a cup of water. Keep the gold jewelry that you put in this mixture for 45 minutes. After waiting, rinse your gold with cold water. After this is done, clean your gold with soft leather.
Polishing Diamond Jewelry
Here is the most practical diamond repair method.
Detergent cleaning method;
Leave your diamond in a container where you foamed with liquid detergent. Start brushing slowly in the foam with a very hard toothbrush. Then rinse the diamond on a strainer with warm water. After completing this process, you can dry your diamond with a soft cloth.