Jewelry Without Metal: All You Need to Know About Gemstones

It is possible to state that today, the use of precious gemstones as metal-free jewelry has increased. Knowing the benefits of precious and natural stones that are mostly sold and purchased as accessories, it will be certain to see that the use of stone is more. Precious and natural stones are used to minimize physical and mental problems. Precious stones have been formed on earth a long time ago and have been scientifically proven to provide positive benefits to human health. So what are gemstones? What are its benefits? Where are they located? Here are all the details about gemstones.

Precious and natural gemstones are stones that have emerged over a long period of time. However, each stone has its own benefit and meaning. The colors, properties, and meanings of the stones also change. Precious and natural stones can be defined as diamond, ruby, emerald, sapphire. It is important to note that these stones are the most preferred precious stones after gold. Semi-precious stones can be listed as amethyst, aquamarine, tiger eye, tourmaline, onyx, agate, amber. It can be stated that these stones are good for some ailments and mental problems.

Types of Gemstones: Precious Jewelry Without Metal

  • Diamond

Diamond is composed of pure carbon compounds. It will be certain to state that it ranks first among precious stones. Diamond has the hardest structure in the world. Therefore, it is absolutely not possible to be damaged. This is the most important feature of the diamond. The benefits of the diamond can be listed as follows; It provides success to the person who carries it, calms the person, protects him from magic and evil eye, and purifies the human body from bad and negative energy. Diamonds are mostly found in the African region. However, it is a very difficult stone to find.

  • Ruby

Ruby, which is among natural and precious stones, is in the same category as diamond, sapphire, and emerald in other precious stones. Ruby, which ranks second in hardness after diamond, is very valuable for its light scattering and its rarity in nature. It is different in color and carries the most beautiful shades of burgundy and red. Ruby is mined in both Europe and America, but the homeland of ruby ​​stone is Southeast Asia. Ruby stone is also known as a luck stone. The benefits of ruby, on the other hand, give happiness to the person, allow the person to be more self-confident, regulate the person’s immune system and blood circulation, and purify them from negative and negative emotions.

  • Emerald

Emerald, which takes its place in the most precious stones category in the world, is the fourth of natural and precious stones. The most known benefit of emerald stone is that it regulates the immune system. Other benefits of emerald stone; It can be listed as good for the nervous system, strengthening and protecting the kidneys, lungs, and heart. It can be defined as the one with the highest quality pure and transparent green tone of the emerald stone. The best emerald stone is found in Colombia.

  • Sapphire

It is possible to state that sapphire stone is among the most valuable and natural stones. The most important benefit of sapphire stone is that it strengthens the heart and kidneys. It is believed that the negative effects of heart and kidney diseases are reduced with sapphire stone. Sapphire stone strengthens the concentration of the person and provides a solution for those who have focusing problems. Sapphire stones are very abundant in India.

  • Amethyst

Amethyst stone is one of the best-known stones among natural and precious stones. This stone, which is preferred by many people with its energy, properties, and color, is often used as an accessory. The most important feature of amethyst is that it collects the negative energy accumulated in the body and supports the individual to feel positive. Known for its calming and calming effect, amethyst also has an important place in distraction. Amethyst stone, which is widely mined in Zambia, Africa, Siberia, Uruguay, and Mexico, is also mined in certain regions of our country.

  • Aquamarine

Aquamarine stone resembles emerald stone in appearance. So it attracts most people’s attention. The color of the aquamarine stone is between light blue and light green. The most beautiful of this stone is generally mined in Russia. The benefits of aquamarine stone are; It has a positive effect on the strengthening of memory, supports the regular functioning of the digestive system, and minimizes the effects of serious ailments such as asthma.

  • Tiger’s Eye

The tiger eye, which is extensively mined and found in South Africa, Burma, and Australia, is a very useful stone. The most important benefit among the benefits of this stone, which has a very impressive appearance in terms of its appearance; It gives the person self-confidence. In addition, the tiger eye, which collects solar energy, destroys negative energy. It provides positive effects on concentration. It plays an important role in quitting addictions such as alcohol and cigarette addictions.

  • Tourmaline

Tourmaline is a unique stone in terms of both its color and its benefits. Tourmaline stone eliminates sleep disorders and balances the hormone system. The mind-enhancing tourmaline stone has very nice effects on sensitivity. It gives positive energy. It is widely found in places such as the United States, Italy, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Australia.

  • Onyx

Onyx is a stone found in China, Mexico, Germany, Egypt, Italy, Madagascar, and India. Onyx contains many minerals in it. As with many stones, it was formed as a result of fossil remains remained underground for years. Since onyx stone is workable and looks very aesthetic, it has been used in various ornaments and jewelry since ancient times.

  • Agate

Agate is one of the most abundant natural and precious stones in the world. It is possible to say that agate stone, which is one of the most powerful stones among its benefits, has also been proven scientifically. Agate is a natural stone found in Sicily. Agate has many cures. The most important benefit of agate stone; it is good for mental problems. However, it is good for stress. The energy emitted by the agate stone is very good for the person. Agate is a stone that also prevents tension.

  • Amber

Due to its effects, amber can be described as a healing stone. Amber stone, which has very positive effects on human health, is a healing stone due to its benefits. Amber stone is used more frequently as a jewelry accessory. Necklaces made of amber stone prevent the occurrence of throat infections and regulates the thyroid gland. By wearing the necklace made of amber stone, it prevents the occurrence of goiter disease.

Amber stone is very useful for preventing and healing respiratory diseases such as bronchitis and asthma. The places where the amber stone is mostly found; Netherlands, Sweden, Romania, Ukraine, England. However, amber is also widely mined in Poland and Scandinavian countries. One of the most important features of amber stone; It reduces the pain of teething babies. Therefore, necklaces made of amber stone are highly preferred. Amber can be found in light yellow and brown shades.

Groups Which Gemstones Belong To

The groups to which the gemstones belong help us to better understand which family the crystals belong to and the mineral structure. Precious stones are grouped among themselves according to the minerals they contain. We try to give information about the groups as much as possible, but we tried to list the gemstone groups collectively and the most known stones in their body as follows. Apart from these, there are many gemstones that are not included in any group. The stones we list here are the most known groups and sub-stones.

  • Beryl Group


  • Quartz Group

Smoky Quartz
Tiger’s Eye Quartz
Cat’s Eye Quartz
Blue Quartz
Crystal Quartz
Rose Quartz
Milky Quartz
Hawk’s Eye Quartz
Green Quartz (Prasiolite)

  • Corundum Group


  • Garnet Group

African Jade / Grossular Garnet
Pyrope Garnet
Almandine Garnet
Demantoid Garnet

  • Chalcedony Group

Fire Agate
Flint / Silex
Veined Agate / Striped Agate
Dendritic Agate
Blood Stone (Heliotrope)
Blue Chalcedony
Touchstone (Lydite)
Onyx / Agate Onyx
Moss Agate

  • Organic Stones (Fossils)

Ammonoids Fossil
Ivory / Elephant Tusk
Kuka Tree
Oltu Stone
Mother of pearl

  • Opal Group

Common Opal
Wood Opal
White Opal
Jelly Opal
Crystal Opal
Boulder Opal
Black Opal
Milk Opal

  • Jade Group

Jade Stone (Jadeite)

  • Iron Minerals Group


  • Copper Minerals Group


  • Feldspar Group

Amazon Stone / Amazonite
Lapis Lazuli / Lazurite

The World’s Most Famous Gemstones

  • The Spirit of de Grisogono

The Spirit of de Grisogono is from Central Africa and is 312.24 carats of a black diamond. The Spirit of Grisogono is known as the world’s largest black diamond and 5th largest diamond. This black diamond, whose original shape before the cut weighed 587 carats, was bought by Grisogono, a Swiss jeweler. After the cutting process was completed, it became 312.24 carats. The Spirit of de Grisogono diamond was cut using the Mongolian diamond cutting technique. This method of cutting history was developed centuries ago in India. This precious diamond, exhibited today on a gold ring; With its unique beauty, size, and color, is undoubtedly the priceless diamond of the world.

  • The Hope Diamond

This giant diamond, weighing 112 carats in blue color, is known as the most expensive and largest diamond in the world. The Hope Diamond is a world-famous diamond for the omens it brings to its owners. According to a legend, it was stolen from the statue of Goddess Shiva in India in the 1600s and it is believed that this stone was cursed by the goddess. However, this legend is an invention of the Victorian Age and it is also said that the stone has mystical meanings in order to increase its sales. The Hope Diamond is currently on display at the Washington Smithsonian Institute.

  • Star of India

The Star of India is a unique star sapphire in blue-gray color, weighing 563.35 carats, one of the world’s largest jewels. Cabochon cut. The Star of India is almost flawless and having stars on both sides of the stone makes it unusual. This precious grayish-blue sapphire was mined in Sri Lanka over 300 years ago.

The Star of India has an uncertain history of more than 3 centuries. Mineralogist and Tiffany jewelry expert George Kunz and well-known J.P. It was purchased by Morgan at the 1900 Paris Fair. Morgan, along with other pieces in his collection, donated the Star of India to the American Museum of Natural History. It is still exhibited in that museum today. The largest known sapphire today is the Star of India with a weight of 563.35 carats and is one of the world’s largest and most famous star sapphires.

  • The Koh-I-Noor

The Koh-i Noor, which is among the world’s largest diamonds with a weight of 186 carats and called the mountain of light or the light of the mountains in Persian, was first found in India. In the story, which started in 1304, it is said that at that time a person with such a jewel would rule the world and was seen as the symbol of the empire. For this reason, various adventures have been experienced thanks to those who want to obtain it, and it has changed hands many times.

Its story, which started in India, continued with the invasion of Delhi by the Iranian shah Nadir in 1738 and went to Iran. In 1849, he passed to a British affiliated to Punjab and stayed there. When the stone that came to London was wanted to be exhibited, it was noticed that the stone lost its brightness and it was decided to cut it to regain its brightness. Thus, Koh-i Nur, which has an important place among the famous diamonds with its 186-carat weight, was cut and reduced to 108.93 carats.

In 1853, rumors spread that Queen Victoria feared it would bring bad luck, and a debate began over whether to return this great stone to prevent it. To end this discussion, the queen had the stone mounted inside an ornamental crown and placed next to the other royal diamonds, whose number exceeded two hundred. This precious stone, which is 105 carats in its final form, is one of the oldest diamonds discovered in history. The Diamond of Light of the Mountains is now mounted on the Crown of Queen Elizabeth and is displayed in the Tower of London.

  • The Orlov Diamond

Orlov Diamond (named Orloff in some sources) was found in India in the 17th century. According to a legend it was bought by Count Grigory Grigorievich Orlov from an unidentified merchant in Amsterdam. He gave it to his beloved Empress Catherine. According to another legend, Napoleon, who went as far as Moscow, desired this stone, but could not obtain the diamond, which was kept in the Kremlin, despite all his efforts.

The Orlov Diamond was mounted on the Imperial Scepter in 1774. It is surrounded by diamonds and has a double-headed eagle on top. The Orlov Diamond, the most important part of the Russian royal treasury and the most famous diamond in the past, has been the target of many leaders in history. This diamond, weighing 189 carats, is among the most precious stones in the world, as it preserves its original rose cut.

  • Mogul Mughal Emerald

This majestic and rectangular-cut emerald, known as ‘Mongolian Mughal’ in dark green color, is 10 centimeters tall and weighs 217.80 carats. It is in the shape of a rectangular tablet and has the property of being the largest known emerald. This stone belonging to a priest who lived in India in the 17th century has flower patterns on one side and religious figures on the other. Emeralds mined in Colombia were highly desired by the Mongol Mughal Empire and sold in India.

This stone has prayer inscriptions on one side and original flower motifs on the other. This legendary emerald was sold to an unknown buyer on September 28, 2001, at a London Christie auction for $ 2.2 million. As of December 17, 2008, it is on display in Doha, Qatar Museum of Islamic Arts. It is believed to have healing properties. The Mongolian Mughal Emerald is one of the largest known emeralds.

  • Star of Asia

Discovered in the Mogok mines of Myanmar (Burma), this blue-violet mixture cabochon cut gemstone, named the Asian Star, is 330 carats. It is one of the most famous star sapphires. It attracts attention with its rich color and clear star. It was acquired by the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in 1961 in Smithsonian, Washington DC, and is now exhibited there.

  • Star of Africa

Also known as Cullinan I and measuring 530.20 carats, this magnificent diamond is drop-cut and is the second-largest diamond in the world. This magnificent stone is displayed alongside other royal jewels in the Tower of London. Diamond was found in South Africa on January 26, 1905. 105 pieces were cut from the diamond weighing 3106 carats. The largest of 530.2 carats was named Cullinan I and African star, while the second diamond with 317 carats was named Cullinan II.

  • The Tiffany Yellow Diamond

The rarest type of diamond in nature is the yellow diamond. The most famous of these diamonds, which are all very special and very valuable, is the Tiffany diamond cut from 287.42 carat rough diamonds. The Tiffany Yellow Diamond is one of the largest yellow diamonds ever discovered. The carat weight was 287.42 carats in its raw form when it was discovered at the Kimberley mine in South Africa in 1878. This rare yellow diamond was purchased by New York jeweler Charles Tiffany.

It was designed by the gemologist George Frederick Kunz for 1 year and started cutting. 82 facets have been applied to maximize its brightness. This number is 24 facets higher than the traditional cut facet number. In its final form, it is shaped by cutting it into a pillow weighing 128.54 carats (ie 25.108 g). Jewelry and Diamond Historian Herbert Tillander has named the special cut applied on this stone as “star brilliant cut”. The Tiffany Diamond has changed hands many times, used in different sizes, and has been included in different jewelry.

  • Queen Marie of Romania’s Sapphire

The world’s largest blue sapphire of this magnificent beauty is of Sri Lanka origin. This stone, which is 478.68 carats, is also the largest sapphire in the world. The large stone from chicken eggs, which was first recorded by Cartier in 1913 and estimated to have been extracted from Sri Lanka, was later purchased by the Romanian King Ferdinand for his wife Queen Maria in 1921. Queen Maria wore the sapphire stone at her husband’s coronation in 1922. The world’s largest sapphire was sold at a Christie auction at the Richmond Hotel in Geneva, Switzerland, in 2003 for 1 million 490 thousand dollars.

  • Aurora Green Diamond

The world’s largest green diamond, the 5.03-carat Aurora Green Diamond (Green Aurora Diamond) is worth $ 16.8 million. The world’s largest green diamond, exhibited at an auction in 2016, broke the record with its value and size. Rectangular cut vibrant green diamond is mounted on a gold ring surrounded by round-cut pink diamonds. The “Green Diamond” has a value of 16.8 million dollars or 3.3 million dollars per carat.

  • Pink Star Diamond

Pink Star Diamond is a rare pink diamond. The pink star, now mounted on a ring, was sold for $ 71 million at an auction held in Hong Kong in 2013. Pink Star, the world’s largest pink diamond, became the most valuable stone of the auction. According to the BBC’s report, the Pink Star was launched in 1999 by De Beers in an unnamed country in Africa. The unprocessed 132.5-carat diamond took up to two years to be cut and polished. In its finished form, the Pink Star is more than twice the next largest diamond in its class, which is exactly 59.60 carats. Carat is a measurement of weight used for gemstones and is 0.2 g (0.00705 ounces).

  • Oppenheimer Blue

The Oppenheimer Blue Diamond is among the rarest diamonds in the world with a weight of 14.62 carats. The name Oppenheimer Blue Diamond comes from British Philip Oppenheimer, one of the important names in the world diamond market and the former owner of the diamond. The Oppenheimer Blue Diamond, mounted on a ring, was sold for $ 57.5 million and became the world’s most expensive ring. The Oppenheimer Blue Diamond (Blue Diamond), which was put up for sale with an opening price of 3 million dollars, was auctioned and sold by the Famous Auction House Christie in Geneva, Switzerland.

Precious Natural Stones From The Sea

Every stone has a place of formation. Some are formed in volcanic rocks, some in desert sands, some in the depths of the sea and ocean. In the following paragraphs, I wanted to talk about stones coming from the sea. Because I believe that these stones carry the energy of the sea and saltwater. When we say natural stones from the sea, I think it would be more correct to say that they are formed in the sea or the ocean. In fact, these are the stones that most of us know. I think you are guessing. There are three beauties that carry the energy of the sea.

  • Pearl

It is thought that pearl, which grows in the seas of warm and temperate climates, reveals the artistic and intuitive aspects of people. In addition, the pearl symbolizes and brings humility, cleanliness, love, and compassion, radiance, mystery, success. It is so obvious that it carries the energy, purity, and cleanliness of the sea with these features.

  • Mother-of-pearl

Mother-of-pearl is also an organic stone that grows in the depths of the sea, on mussels and oyster shells. In other words, it is actually a living creature and then petrifies. Its difference from the pearl is that it is formed in the shell of the Oyster. For this reason, it is also known as the mother of İnci. Mother-of-pearl stone is mostly used in ornaments or making prayer beads. It has various benefits, from mental clarity to regulating blood circulation.

  • Coral

As it is known in Coral, it is one of the living organic stones formed in coral reefs in the depths of oceans or seas. It has always been a popular stone with its blue and red. It has benefits in many areas, especially in skin conditions. Coral stone is spiritually balancing and also repels negativity in the household. Don’t forget that coral is more effective when used with many other stones.

Care and Cleaning of Gemstones

Care of gemstones is important. It should be done periodically. The hardness levels of the stones are different from each other. Apart from very hard ones such as diamonds, many are also brittle and easily friable. Layered and clustered stones can be separated and fragmented, while stones such as Selenite can melt when in contact with water. Its polished surfaces, natural prism tips can be easily scratched, corroded, and damaged. For this reason, care should be taken when maintaining and cleaning natural stones, and when not in use, it should be kept carefully (in its box or in a small pouch).

Round or tumbled stones are more durable, they have no ends to break. During the tumbling process, they rotate between fine sands for hours and become more durable in structure. Spherically round ones (eg natural tumbling due to waves in the sea) are durable in terms of structure. Your round stones can be stored in a pouch, but you should store your pointed stones separately. When you are not using your natural stones, wrapping them in a silk or velvet cover will protect your stones against scratches.

When you buy your stones, you should clean them before and periodically while using them. You should not let anyone else touch your stones, or if you have bought jewelry from someone else, you should clean it before using it. Natural stones, especially crystals, may contain negative energy from the person who used it before, and these negative energies can be passed on to you. There is more than one method of natural stone cleaning. 4 elements are used in cleaning natural stones. Water, Earth, Fire, and Air. The most used method at this stage is water. Of course, if the hardness level of the stone is suitable… Other methods are as follows;

  • Cleaning with water
  • Cleaning in seawater or saltwater
  • Cleaning by burying in the ground
  • Cleaning with incense
  • Cleaning by candlelight
  • Salt Lamp
  • Cleaning with Selenite

The hardness of the stone should be between 7-10 for cleaning with water and soil. For example, 10 degrees of hardness is only Diamond. Quartz group stones are 7. For this reason, you can easily clean it with water or soil. However, those with hardness less than 7 may melt or crumble when exposed to water. For this reason, it would be better to choose other methods for these stones.

  • Cleaning with Water

You can neutralize the energy of your stone by keeping it in running water or in a certain amount of water. Cleaning with running water is suitable for stones that are not easily splittable. You can wash it under running water for 2-3 minutes and put it under sunlight to dry. Or, you can put your crystal in a glass of clean water and keep it for 1 night.

  • Cleaning with Sea Water or Salt Water

You can clean your stones by soaking them in seawater or saltwater. It is a great option to clean a stone that already comes from the sea, such as Coral, with saltwater. You can also apply this method to other stones with suitable hardness. You can be sure that all the negativity in your stone is flowing. The energy of your stone will be renewed. After cleaning the stone, by leaving it under the sun or moonlight for a few hours, you will help the stone to re-energize and recharge itself. (When doing this, be careful that the color of your stone does not fade in sunlight.) Note: Make sure that the sun rays do not ignite by breaking the light.

  • Cleaning with Soil

You can cleanse your stone from negative energies by burying it in the soil for at least 1 day (24 hours). Outdoor soil is more effective, but if you do not have the means, you can also bury it in the soil at the bottom of the pot. After removing your stone from the soil, you can wash it with water to clean the soil and start using it. If you wish, you can keep it in sunlight after this process.

  • Cleaning with Incense

In the cleaning method with incense, you are using the air element. You can process your natural stone with the smoke of the incense you will burn. When the incense you burned is finished, your stone will also be cleaned. This method is especially preferred for fragile stones with low hardness. Incense will also balance the energy of your environment. However, it should be used with a caution against any negative effects that may occur. For example, incense smoke can be harmful to some asthma patients.

  • Candlelight Cleaning

You can clean your low-hardness stones using candlelight. With this method, you actually benefit from the fire element. By placing your stones in a way that is surrounded by candlelight, you can purify them and reset their energy.

  • Himalayan Salt Lamp

If you have a Himalayan Salt Lamp, you’re in luck. When you put your stones next to your lamp, it will clean.

  • Cleaning with Selenite Stone

Selenite stone is a great energy cleanser. By putting your natural stones next to selenite stone, you can neutralize its energy.

  • Uncleaned Stones

Some stones never require cleaning. Citrine, Kyanite, Azeztulite are self-cleaning stones. Transparent quartz and Karnelyan have the ability to clean other stones. This method can be tried especially for fragile, delicate stones. However, after use for this purpose, they must be cleaned by other methods. There is no clear time for the maintenance of natural stones. Depending on your use, you can clean it once a month or every 3 months. You can clean it when you think its energy is running out or dirty.

Best Gemstones That You Can Buy Online

Savaş Ateş

I like reading books. I like to read about jewelry too. After reading a lot of books about it, I have started to visit jewelry manufacturers and stores. It is my number 1 hobby.

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