Jewelry is the art of transforming precious stones and metals, especially gold, into accessories and investment tools. The trade done using these artifacts is also called jewelry. People living in ancient times quickly developed the jewelry technique and made jewelry that even we can enjoy today. Jewelry has become a beautiful art day by day. So, do you want to know who makes jewelry?
Jewelers make jewelry. A jeweler is a craftsman who uses metals, gemstones, and other materials to make decorations such as bracelets, earrings, rings, and necklaces. They may also be asked to repair, adjust, clean, and evaluate the jewelry. The history of jewelry production goes back for thousands of years. In fact, there is evidence that Africans made jewelry 75,000 years ago. Jewelry has not been used only as an accessory or decoration in its long history. It was also used as currency and protection against evil. Today, talented jewelry artists have many career opportunities.
Who Is a Jeweler?
Jewelry making is perhaps the most creative aspect of this career and requires a lot of imagination and artistic skill. Some also specialize in jewelry valuation using a combination of research and face-to-face valuation to determine the value of a coin. Often, many jewelers work at a counter with tools similar to those that artisan jewelers have used to make and repair jewelry for centuries. However, many new technologies entered the business world. For example, lasers are widely used to cut precious metals and engrave intricate patterns in precious metals.
Thanks to CAD (Computer-Aided Design) technology, jewelry models can be created on the computer. This way the designer can see the development of the part before spending valuable resources on a potentially flawed design. Jewelers have different personalities. These are typically artists, meaning they are creative, intuitive, sensitive, outspoken, and expressive. They are also unstructured, original, incompatible, and innovative. Some are also realistic, meaning they are independent, stable, permanent, real, and practical.
While many jewelry stores are self-employed, others may work in retail stores, jewelry workshops, or jewelry factories. Employees of jewelry stores often spend a lot of time interacting with customers. They help them select pre-made parts or get orders and instructions for specific parts. Jeweler employees usually earn a commission for every piece of jewelry they sell. Workers in garages often spend a lot of time with little or no supervision. While those working in retail outlets often have fixed working hours, they may also need to work during holidays when customers frequently visit jewelry stores.
It is estimated that around 50% of all jewelry artists are self-employed. Freelance jewelers can set their own working hours. In fact, most of them work from home, they usually have a jewelry workshop or studio. Independent jewelers often sell their products at craft shows and trade fairs. Many of them also started selling their work online. Many jewelry artists open their own jewelry shops. While this is a competitive field, those who can build a solid reputation in the jewelry industry are generally very good at jewelry retailers.
What Does a Jeweler Do?
Jewelry is the art of making jewelry and ornaments from precious metals and stones. The jeweler, on the other hand, is the person who designs by taking into account the consumer wishes and usage areas, makes casting by melting precious metals and alloys such as gold and silver, and creates jewelry by processing after being turned into plates or wires.
Jeweler designs and draws the ornaments (jewelry) to be made, melt platinum, gold, silver, or their alloys, shapes the parts taken out of the mold according to the design, by forging, punching, holding under pressure, thinning, etc., gives shape, straightens the surfaces with shaving, polishing, cleaning methods, and chemical paints, repairs damaged tools, and trades gold.
Among the tools and materials used by the jeweler are: Small hand tools; files, pliers, hammers, chisels and scissors, jigsaw, squeegee set, and punches, anvil, flat iron, corrugated iron, vices, mandrels, scraper, and steel pens, welding jug and double calipers, Large electric motor tools; melting furnaces, cylinder for lining, rolling mill for wire, vacuum casting furnace, annealing and enamel furnace, laser machine, chain machine, milling cutter, polishing motor, vibrator (writing machine), presses.
Those who want to become a jeweler must be careful and patient people who have the ability to perceive shapes, to be able to use their hands and fingers skillfully, to keep the details of a picture in mind, to design different jewelry models, and to draw the designed models. Creativity is a feature that facilitates progress in the profession. Jewelers work in workshops. The working environment may be hot and loaded with mineral odor. It is in contact with the jewelry room, workshop staff, and colleagues.
There is a very active domestic market in the world as a result of the great interest in jewelry made of traditional noble metals, both for jewelry and for savings. The professional staff can work with another person or open a workplace for himself. In the future, there will be a need for well-trained expert staff equipped with technological knowledge and reflecting their mastership on the pieces they work on.
The duties of the jeweler can be listed as follows:
- To be alert to possible theft cases in the place of work and to take necessary initiatives in order to follow and examine legal processes in case of such a situation.
- Packaging the jewelry sold to the customer in a way that is pleasing to the eye.
- To make the necessary adjustments and repairs of the metals that will shine such as all kinds of precious gold and silver sold in the shop
- Collecting the jewels lined up in the showcase after the end of the work in the shop you work in and locking them in the safe, putting the goods collected in the same way the next day,
- To calculate the daily turnover of the products it sells, to make accounting transactions
- Receiving orders placed by customers
- To establish a dialogue with the relevant factories in order to carry out the necessary actions in the workshop
- To determine the sale and purchase of all kinds of precious metals used in jewelry art in accordance with their characteristics
- To be friendly to all kinds of domestic or foreign customers and to help them by considering the customer psychology of the products to be sold to them.
- To make the price tag or classification according to the quality and type of the products to be sold
- Receiving the products that customers want to sell, paying the amount of value
- To recognize and use all kinds of materials, tools, and materials in the workplace.
The Job Description of a Jeweler
Jewelers use their creativity and artistic talents to design jewelry. They use metals, gemstones, diamonds and other materials to make various items such as necklaces, brooches, earrings, rings, and bracelets. Although jewelers use old tools to make and repair jewelry, new technologies such as design software are also used. Some jewelers work for private chains and retail companies; most are self-employed. Most jewelers work full time, and some, especially retailers, are able to work weekends and holidays to meet customer needs.
Generally, jewelers have a number of general duties that they have to fulfill as part of their business. According to experts, the most important tasks of jewelers are:
- Design and create jewelry
Jewelers create jewelry models with wax or computer-aided design software. You must have knowledge of metal model casting, shaping metal to hold diamonds or gemstones, welding metal, and placing diamonds or gemstones.
- Examine and classify diamonds and gemstones
Knowing the four Cs (cut, color, clarity, and carat weight) to inspect and classify diamonds and gemstones is an important task for jewelers who are gemologists. After gemologists examine and evaluate a diamond, they write a report confirming its quality.
- Clean and polished jewelry
Jewelers use a variety of cleaning chemicals, polishes, and tools to clean and polish different types of jewelry. Jewelers also need to know how to use cleaning chemicals safely, as some of the chemicals can be corrosive.
- Jewelry repair
Jewelers calculate labor and material costs for new parts and repairs on customers’ jewelery. They also managed to repair various styles of jewelry, including resetting stones.
- Appreciate jewelry
Skilled jewelers determine the value of jewelry and write reviews by researching the market and consulting relevant references such as auction catalogs and jewelry reference books.
Jewelers often deal with harsh chemicals and lasers, so they need to be careful. Employers also look for candidates with the following skills:
- Attention to detail: Jewelry and the pieces that make it up are often small and diverse, so jewelers need to pay special attention to detail.
- Vision – Your vision should be perfect as jewelers often work with small jewelry or pieces of jewelry.
- Manual dexterity: Buckle insertion, correction tasks such as stone and metal welding requires talented hands.
- Information about jewelry trends – As jewelers are often responsible for the design and manufacture of jewelry, they need to be aware of current jewelry trends.
- Interpersonal Skills: Jewelers advise customers in different ways, with questions about design and repair as well as questions regarding specific products for sale.
- Artistic Skills: Jewelers are often asked to design and manufacture jewelry so artistic skills are a must. Jewelers may also be asked to redesign the jewelry so that they can imagine how a piece would look with stones or rearranged pieces.
A high school diploma or equivalent is the minimum educational requirement for most jewelers. Some vocational schools offer programs ranging from 90 days to a year, which include gems and metals, gem sizing and repair, and the use of CAD software. On-the-job training for jewelers is also common. Potential jewelers can work as a retailer at a jewelry store or as a clerk at a jewelry shop and gain experience with a jeweler or jeweler.
What Is the Work Done by a Jeweler?
Jewelers use a variety of tools and techniques to create jewelry from precious stones and other materials. They also sell, clean, and restore the jewelry, and sometimes they sell rings, earrings, bracelets, etc. They do the necessary research and evaluations to evaluate. Creative jewelers take very seriously what they do, they manage themselves professionally and love the craft and art restoration. Jewelers can work with hand files, polishing wire, polishing discs, and other assembly and crafting tools.
The job of a jeweler involves accurately assembling, leveling and polishing finished products, designing parts and making molds, and evaluating the quality and value of parts and raw materials. Successful jewelers must have exceptional knowledge of gemstones, metals, basic restoration and assembly techniques, and surfaces. They have to follow the world’s fashion and jewelry trends. Ideally, the most suitable candidate will also find honesty and empathy extremely important. The responsibilities of a jeweler are as follows:
- Help customers make the right decision for them.
- Research and evaluation of parts and materials.
- Added value for parts and materials.
- Designing new parts and making molds.
- Restoring old or broken parts.
- Jewelry cleaning and polishing.
- Be aware of the changes in the industry.
Definition and Nature of the Work of Jewelers
Jewelers design, manufacture, sell, and repair jewelry. Its field is vast and includes many types of workers. Jewelers work in design and craft studios, factories, retail stores, and garages. They work with gold, silver, diamonds and other precious metals and stones. Jewelers take care of rings, necklaces, earrings, and other ornaments. They can work with stylish jewelry made of precious metals and precious stones.
Some jewelers are artists who design jewelry. They draw pictures to show what a piece of jewelry will look like. They make the jewelery themselves or transfer their creations to another craftsman. Jeweler craftsmen often make jewelry to the design specifications of another jeweler. Sometimes they produce expensive custom parts that require a lot of manual labor. Other times they make jewelry using assembly-line methods. Even factory-made jewelry often requires manual processing. Jeweler workers use a variety of hand tools and machine tools. They use special magnifiers to see details while working on complex parts.
Many jewelry stores work in retail stores. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), about 40% of all jewelery shops are independent jewelry and repair shop owners. They can design and manufacture jewelry, but most of their time is spent selling and repairing jewelry. Besides jewelry, jewelers often have other items. They can carry watches, silverware, porcelain, glassware, and various gifts. Some jewelers only sell products. Others just repair jewelry and watches. Jewelers need several years of on-the-job training or technical training to design and repair jewelry.
Within the broader profession, jewelers often limit their scope of work. For example, gemologists are experts in gemstones. They examine stones such as diamonds and rubies and evaluate their value. Usually they buy and sell gemstones in bulk. Gemstone cutters are skilled workers who cut diamonds and other precious and synthetic stones. Other jewelers may specialize in stone carving, installation, or repairing and remodeling old jewelry.
Most of the jewelers are high school graduates. Education requirements vary by job type. Some people receive informal on-the-job training at a factory or jeweler. Training time can be between three and four years, depending on the skills acquired. Most people learn their skills in technical school programs that last between six months and two years. Technical school courses include the use and maintenance of jewelry tools and stone settings. Employers often ask for technical school graduates to have three years of additional training on the job.
The university also has art programs that last four years and lead to a Bachelor of Fine Arts. Some universities also teach at home. For those who want to become a jeweler, physics, chemistry, art, mechanical drawing, and business management courses in high school or university will be useful. Jewelers work with valuable materials, so many employers require applicants to make a commitment before they are hired. Annuity companies offer a type of insurance that ensures that affiliates do not steal. They do background checks on applicants to make sure they are honest before connecting.
Those interested can directly apply for a job in design and craft studios, jewelry factories, or retail stores. Individuals can continue to work where they are educated. Professional associations and jewelry syndicates can provide employment information. Potential jewelers can also check job agencies, read newspaper advertisements, or search for job banks online to find vacancies.
If applicants want to start their own jewelry, they must first gain experience in selling, manufacturing, or repairing jewelry. First of all, an interested person needs a lot of money to start their own business. Loans are available, but applicants must convince the lender that they are honest and know enough about the jewelry business to succeed. Skilled jewelers can be an auditor at a studio or factory, or a manager in a retail store. Many of them own their own businesses or studios.
Jewelry employment is expected to decrease in 2020. However, there will be vacancies to replace workers leaving the field. Despite the growing demand of jewelry, it is more likely to be machine-made, and this makes it difficult to operate the low-skilled work. People who have taken technical school courses in jewelry design, manufacture and repair have the best chances of getting a job in jewelry manufacturing. When the economy fluctuates, the rates change. Jewelry retailers benefit from a strong economy when people are willing to buy more. However, during the economic downturn, repair shops are often better off as people chose to repair or restore existing jewelery rather than purchase.
Working conditions vary according to the type of job. Retail stores are generally quiet, clean, and attractive. The jewelers involved in the sale must have a good business sense and be able to get on well with others. Factories, garages, and studios are generally well lit and comfortable, but can be noisy from the machinery. All jewelers must have artistic skills. They must have hand-eye coordination and skills to work with hands. Patience and attention to detail are essential.
Factory jewelers usually work thirty-five to forty hours a week. Workers in retail outlets and garages typically work forty to forty-eight hours a week, including some evenings and weekends. Overtime is required during holiday seasons when stores are open longer. Employees in industry and retail sometimes experience off-season periods that can result in layoffs. Some jewelers are affiliated with unions.
Jeweler Types: Who Makes Which Jewelry
As in every sector, there are many specialties and skills in the jewelry world, all of which fall under the general title of “jeweler”. This can be extremely confusing for newcomers to the industry, or even consumers looking for the best master to make, repair or sell a part.
“Master jeweler” is a term usually reserved for the best jewelers. However, it can also be used to describe a jeweler who has the most seniority and experience in a particular job. I’ve met a few people who hold the title of master jeweler, but only a handful of people who are truly master jewelery. A true master jeweler is an expert in most, if not all, of jewelry skills, including design, drawing, engraving, sewing, welding, wax carving, and installation. It is suitable for working with all precious metals including platinum, gold, and silver. A master jeweler takes on the most valuable and difficult tasks and is able to perform them without any problems.
A bench jeweler is the most common type of jeweler in the industry. Their competencies can range from beginner to expert and cover a wide variety of skills. You can master any of them or master many jewelry-related skills. Typically, a bench jeweler handles repairs, minor adjustments, and construction. The level of skill required by a bench jeweler depends on where they work. This is one of the reasons why sometimes there is such a large difference in capacity among bench jewelers. For example, a jeweler can employ two bench jewelers. One may only be responsible for very simple repairs such as fixing the chain, welding jumper rings, or wearing an earring, while other more experienced bank jewelers may be responsible for more difficult tasks such as ring repair, stone replacement, etc.
A gemstone setter does exactly what its title suggests – it places gems! Some installers simply place stones and do not have to practice other jewelry skills, while others sew stones like a counter-jeweler and have knowledge in other areas. The difference from the title is that the basic function and experience of a passer, even in repairs and other tasks, is that of laying stones. Other types of jewelery are a little more specialized than these three basic titles and are a little harder to spot in this area.
Unfortunately, hand carving is becoming a lost art and fewer and fewer people are getting involved in this complex and difficult work. Like the adjuster, a manual engraving machine can only be engraved by hand, or it can be done by a bench or a master jeweler with additional experience. However, most people who work manually are definitely mastering this skill and their skills are in high demand. They can work for many jewelers and customers and often work independently of a jewelry or manufacturing company. The hedgehog is the one who string the beads and pearls. They also do wire or wire winding, a metalworking process that does not require welding.
A wax sculptor takes a jewelry design and passes it through a process called wax carving. A wax sculptor creates or is given an outline or sample of a part and then creates an accurate model of wax that is molded and cast into metal. Handmade wax sculptures are becoming increasingly rare with the advent of 3D modeling. Most of the work done by hand fifteen or twenty years ago is now done using computer-aided design (CAD). However, in my experience, there are many scenarios where wax hand modeling of a CAD model is beneficial. An enamel master specializes in enamel coating. This is the decorative art of gluing glass or plastic to a metal surface using an oven.
This is exactly what a stonemason does: cut stones and precious stones. Stonemasons can also be bench jeweler, but it is not required. Stone cutting is an art in itself. Turning a gemstone into a brilliant piece of jewelry suitable for use in accessories requires a skilled and trained eye. A diamond cutter has all the skills of a stonemason but is more skilled and specialized. Diamond cutting is a very, very delicate art. So much so that only a diamond cutter that has perfected its craft for decades will work with large setting diamonds, which are the most difficult and require the most detail and precision.
A gemologist has been formally trained and specialized in gemstones. Gemology degrees and accreditations can be obtained from a variety of universities across the country, including the Gemological Institute of America (GIA). Gemologists have the knowledge of classifying gemstones and diamonds, and can also determine the value and originality of gemstones and study artificial processes such as color processing and enhancement techniques. Gemologists will also be informed about the origin and history of gemstones and the scientific properties of precious stones.
Jewelry designers can come from many different backgrounds. Some designers are naturally talented and lack formal education, others have developed their talents at accredited universities such as the Fashion Institute of Technology, the Savannah College of Art and Design, or the Gemology Institute of America that offers courses. Now that you have a better understanding of who is doing what in the jewelry world, it will be easier for you to decide who will glue your pearls together and who will re-cut a broken stone for you. They all have the experience you can use to your advantage and there are many versatile people in the industry! So don’t be afraid to ask a seller for advice about a gemstone. You will be surprised that he is also a gemologist!
The Process of Becoming a Jeweler
To build a successful career as a jewelry maker, you need to be creative, be nice to your hands, have strong communication and interpersonal skills. Most jewelers need to work closely with other people, whether they are customers, colleagues, or business partners. Almost half of the jewelers were self-employed in 2010, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Many of them worked in their homes or studios and sold the fruits of their labor at trade and craft fairs. Casting staff is often done in jewelers, garages, and production facilities.
Although many aspiring jewelers are learning the business, they are enrolling for short-term undergraduate and graduate degrees in jewelry design and manufacturing, according to the 2010 BLS. Jewelry courses offered by jewelry schools often include modules on gemstones, metallurgy, resizing, repair, and computational design. Aspiring jewelers can become more attractive to potential employers by completing a trade school or university program.
While jewelry designers usually create their work on paper or with CAD programs, artisan jewelry manufacturers often produce products according to these characteristics. Some jewelers use gold, silver, other precious metals, precious and semi-precious stones, and design and manufacture their own work. Many jewelers focus on cutting and polishing diamonds, others work with molds for casting and modeling. Jewelers working in garages spend most of their days soldering broken pieces, replacing loose stones, and repairing damaged jewelry by increasing or decreasing the size of the rings. In order to do this job successfully, jewelers need artistically inclined, resourceful fingers and great attention to detail.
Although jewelers traditionally used hand tools such as engravers and diamond-tipped blades to cut gemstones and metals, from 2010 onwards they began to rely more and more on lasers for their work. Jewelers can use lasers to cut stones, improve their quality, do intricate engraving and design work, and write personal messages on their pieces. Jewelers doing repair work often rely on pliers, hand cutters, and welding equipment. Since most jewelers tend to work on small, intricate pieces of jewelry, most use a magnifying glass, a magnifying tool that allows them to view their work in detail.
Jewelers, goldsmiths, and metalworkers earned an average annual salary of $ 38,200 in May 2011, according to BLS data. The top 10% of the profession earned more than $ 61,820 at that time. The lowest 10% paid had to settle for a price of $ 19,170 or less. According to the industry, jewelers engaged in professional, scientific, and technical services were the goldsmiths who received the highest salary in the profession as of May 2011. They were making $ 62,320 at the time, which was pretty cheap compared to the $ 32,850 jewelers who worked in specialized design services.
Best Jewelry Cleaners That You Can Buy Online
- Ultrasonic Jewelry Cleaner- LONOVE Professional Ultrasonic Cleaner Machine for Cleaning Silver Jewelry Eyeglasses Rings Watches Necklaces Dental Coins Razors Dentures Tools Cleaner 6L
- Connoisseurs Jewelry Cleaner, for Gold, Diamond, Platinum & Precious Stones, with Cleaning Basket, Brush and Polishing Cloth
- Magnasonic Professional Ultrasonic Jewelry Cleaner with Digital Timer for Eyeglasses, Rings, Coins (MGUC500)
- Weiman Jewelry Cleaner Liquid – Restores Shine and Brilliance to Gold, Diamond, Platinum Jewelry and Precious Stones – 7 Ounce